This chapter on gatekeeping offers a systematic exploration of the main trends and analytical frameworks relating to gatekeeping in the literature from 1995 to 2007. The chapter looks at eight fields: library and information science (henceforth information science), communication, law, management of information systems, management, political science, public affairs, and sociology. The chapter covers 24,669 articles in those disciplines, and looks thoroughly at 453 articles that use the concept of gatekeeping. The review demonstrates the lack of analytical tools to respond to two important phenomena: the dynamism of gatekeeping and the essential role of those involved in the gatekeeping process.
The chapter uses Network Gatekeeping Theory as a basis for analysis. More about Network Gatekeeping Theory – see here.